Italien

 

FPA: Unione Italiana dei Centri di Educazione Matrimoniale e Prematrimoniale (UICEMP) Tel. +39 (02) 5456687 / uicemp@tin.it Website: http://www.uicemp.org


LEGISLATION
Law 194, 22 May 1978

 

GROUNDS/GESTATIONAL LIMITS

 

Up to 90 days (between 12 and 13 weeks)

  • Social, socio-medical or socio-economic grounds

 

Over 90 days

  • Risk to life of woman
  • Risk to physical health of woman
  • Risk to mental health of woman
  • Risk of fetal malformation
  • Rape or other sexual crime

 

REGULATIONS/CONDITIONS

  • A certificate from a doctor is required
  • Compulsory waiting period of (at least 1 week)
  • Parental or judge's consent required for minors (under 18 years)
  • Counselling (not compulsory)

 

COST

Free of charge for all women, including immigrant women, foreigners and women without legal resident's permit

 

DISPARITY IN THE APPLICATION OF THE LAW

In some Regions (mainly in Southern Italy) and in rural areas, there may be disparities between the law and its application. In these areas it can be very difficult for a minor to have an abortion without her parents' consent because the local minor's judge would not give his/her consent to abortion. Furthermore the fact that people know each other and are known by hospital staff encourages use of illegal abortion

 

COMMENTS

There is considerable conscientious objection among health personnel on religious, moral and social grounds. Illegal abortions are still numerous. In some Italian regions (mainly northern and central), abortion is fairly widely accessible in spite of conscientious objection by gynaecologists. In southern regions there are still problems mainly related to conscientious objection and long waiting lists